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Hydrogen Fuel R D subprogram

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Hydrogen Fuel R D subprogram ( hydrogen-fuel-r-d-subprogram )

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2019 – Hydrogen Fuel R&D Summary of Annual Merit Review of the Hydrogen Fuel R&D Subprogram The Hydrogen Fuel R&D subprogram focuses on early-stage research and development (R&D) to reduce the cost and improve the reliability of technologies used to produce and store hydrogen from diverse domestic energy resources. The subprogram is divided into two categories: (1) Hydrogen Production R&D and (2) Hydrogen Storage R&D. Efforts in each area leverage expertise and capabilities at the national laboratories and encourage collaboration witth industry through the Hydrogen Materials–Advanced Research Consortium (HyMARC) and the HydroGEN consortium. Both consortia are part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Energy Materials Network (EMN). The subprogram also covers early-stage R&D in materials for hydrogen production and storage; this work is specifically targeted to support the H2@Scale initiative. In fiscal year (FY) 2019, production projects focused primarily on early-stage R&D for advanced water-splitting materials and systems funded through HydroGEN. Production pathways under investigation included advanced high- and low-temperature electrochemical water splitting and direct solar thermochemical (STCH) and photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. Hydrogen storage projects in FY 2019 focused on materials-based hydrogen storage R&D through HyMARC, including the discovery, design, synthesis, and validation of metal– organic frameworks (MOFs), metal hydrides, and other innovative concepts with the potential to reach high energy densities as well as favorable kinetics and thermodynamics. A new effort on hydrogen carriers (also under HyMARC) started in FY 2019 to address challenges associated with transporting and storing large quantities of hydrogen and to enable progress toward achieving the H2@Scale vision. The subprogram continued early-stage R&D for onboard high-pressure storage through the development of precursor fibers for low-cost, high-strength carbon fiber. All projects under the Hydrogen Fuel R&D subprogram continued to be evaluated with respect to their potential to meet DOE’s cost and performance targets for the near and long terms. Summary of Hydrogen Fuel R&D Subprogram and Reviewer Comments Reviewers of the Hydrogen Production R&D category commented that the projects were focused on achieving DOE cost and performance targets across the various technology pathways. The reviewers responded favorably to the approach of these early-stage R&D efforts, mentioning that they were logical and show high probability of impact. Projects were also commended for their combination of experimental and computational methods in their approach to advancing fundamental understanding of underlying concepts, as well as meeting project targets. The advanced water-splitting projects were praised for their strong interaction with the national laboratories and successful leveraging of capabilities through the HydroGEN consortium. Projects were also commended for their contributions of resources to the HydroGEN Data Hub. Reviewers commented that they would like to see increased attention to accurate cost models as these projects move into the next phase. Within the Hydrogen Storage R&D category portfolio, reviewers highlighted the continued synergy of resources, priorities, and technical goals. The reviewers are encouraged that closer integration of early-stage production and storage R&D efforts will lead to successful overlap with infrastructure activities to maximize R&D impact and increase the likelihood of success for the overall Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program (the Program). Reviewers praised the subprogram category’s world-class team members, productive collaborations, project management, and open communication with stakeholders. The reviewers commended the Program’s consistent engagement and flexibility to meet industry needs. HyMARC continued to be highly regarded as the nucleus to influence foundational scientific understanding and world-class resources and facilities across multiple institutions. The consolidation of the HyMARC and Hydrogen Storage Characterization Optimization Research Effort (HySCORE) teams has broadened the scope and provided a more streamlined way to address R&D with limited overlap and duplication among the seedling projects. While the material-based hydrogen storage work was generally commended, reviewers did note a desire for additional work and portfolio balance with more traditional high- pressure storage tanks. Twenty-five hydrogen production projects were reviewed, with overall favorable scores ranging from 2.9 to 3.7, with 3.4 as the average score. The Hydrogen Storage R&D portfolio was represented by fourteen oral presentations and eight posters (including one Small Business Innovation Research project) in FY 2019. Out of the fourteen HYDROGEN FUEL R&D FY 2019 Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report | 10

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