logo

evolution of molecular hydrogen

PDF Publication Title:

evolution of molecular hydrogen ( evolution-molecular-hydrogen )

Previous Page View | Next Page View | Return to Search List

Text from PDF Page: 002

Dixon et al. Medical Gas Research 2013, 3:10 Page 2 of 12 http://www.medicalgasresearch.com/content/3/1/10 Figure 1 The progress of hydrogen in history. A timeline of the history of molecular hydrogen [1-3]. According to the Hazardous Substances Data Bank, hy- drogen is also an odorless, tasteless, colorless gas [6]. As a result of its unique features hydrogen has many advantageous characteristics. One major advantage that hydrogen contains is its ability to diffuse through mem- branes and enter the cytosol. Hydrogen can also enter the mitochondria and nucleus. This is extremely favor- able since many known antioxidants lack the ability to target organelles and are not as effective in this manner. Molecular hydrogen is also believed to be advantageous in medical procedures since it is able to maneuver through the blood brain barrier. There also are few side effects involving hydrogen. It is proposed that few side effects occur, since it seems that hydrogen reacts with strong oxidants and its levels does not seem to interfere with cell signaling processes involving reactive oxygen species [2]. Out of the numerous observations evolved the applica- tions of hydrogen. In 1888, the Annals of Surgery had recorded one of the very publications linking hydrogen and medicine. At that point in time unnecessary lapa- rotomies were often performed since it was very difficult for surgeons to determine visceral injuries to the intes- tines and the stomach. It was also reported that a sur- geon was able to use hydrogen gas to insufflate the gastro-intestinal canal to accurately determine and lo- cate visceral injuries, avoiding unwarranted surgeries [3]. Modern uses Today, hydrogen is still very instrumental and can be found in an assortment of fashions concerning medicine and scientific research. One medicinal approach that employs hydrogen is the breath hydrogen test. The breath hydrogen test is performed by measuring the amount of hydrogen that is produced by intestinal bacteria that are constantly synthesizing hydrogen as a result of fermen- tation of unabsorbed carbohydrates [7]. The analysis of the results of the breath hydrogen test can serve as bio- markers and can be also used to compute oral-cecal trans- port, transit times, and overgrowth of bacteria. The breath hydrogen test is also used as biomarkers in clinical and scientific research ranging from biochemistry, dentistry, and physiology [5]. In 2007, Ohsawa et al., published “Hydrogen acts as a therapeutic antioxidant by selectively reducing cytotoxic oxygen radicals” in Nature Medicine. Ohsawa et al., re- ported that hydrogen is able to react with cytotoxic oxy- gen radicals and protect against oxidative damage. These conclusions were made based upon experiments obser- ving a rat model of focal ischemia and reperfusion. After ischemia was induced and reperfusion performed, it was observed that arterial blood contained elevated levels proportionate to the concentration of hydrogen that was inhaled. Also, it is suggested that the tissue was able to absorb hydrogen, since dissolved hydrogen was found at lower levels than the arterial blood. The study also sug- gests that hydrogen is able to prevent oxidative damage by reacting with the hydroxyl radical. This is important since the hydroxyl radical is believed to be the most dangerous oxygen species since there are no naturally occurring mechanisms to prevent its affects. As a result of the findings by Ohsawa et al., the convention of hydrogen has yet evolved. This publication has sparked many investigations concerning hydrogen as a selective

PDF Image | evolution of molecular hydrogen

evolution-molecular-hydrogen-002

PDF Search Title:

evolution of molecular hydrogen

Original File Name Searched:

2045-9912-3-10.pdf

DIY PDF Search: Google It | Yahoo | Bing

Molecular Hydrogen: Clinically researched and proven as a antioxidant and more... More Info

Molecular Hydrogen Machine: Cart mounted molecular hydrogen machine for infusing antioxidant hydrogen into oils and making high value skin creams... More Info

Infinity Supercritical 10L CO2 Extractor: Supercritical CO2 Hemp Oil Extraction for Full Spectrum Botanical Oil which retains the terpenes and other valuable plant components during extraction. System runs silent with small footprint of 24 inches by 48 inches... More Info

Infinity Supercritical has developed the most profitable Supercritical CO2 Extraction Machines. Our CO2 terpene extraction system rapidly produces shelf-ready oils which make more money. Perfect for hemp oil extraction using environmentally friendly CO2 extraction equipment. Manufactures efficient oil extraction systems and machines for natural terpenes, flavorings, fragrance, hemp, beer hops, lavender and other botanicals. New for 2021 includes Molecular Hydrogen Skin Cream Machine for production of high value cosmetic skin cream. Silent technology includes supercritical co2, oil-to-oil extraction using induction magnetic mixing, and eco friendly hydrodynamic cavitation water as the solvent in our closed-looped systems. The process can also be used for electrowinning, e-waste recycling, and lithium battery recycling, gold mining electronic wastes, precious metals. CO2 can also be used in a reverse fuel cell with nafion to make a gas-to-liquids fuel, such as methanol, ethanol and butanol or ethylene. Supercritical CO2 has also been used for treating nafion to make it more effective catalyst. SCO2 can remove water from wood as an alternative to conventional kiln drying.

CONTACT TEL: 608-238-6001 Email: greg@infinitysupercritical.com | RSS | AMP